The São Jorge Castle is located high above Lisbon. It was built by the Moors on the remains of a fortress from the 5th century when Portugal was inhabited by the Visigoths. The Moors were driven out by King Afonso Henriques during the Reconquista (Christian recapture) in 1147.
Through the main entrance you arrive at a large central square (Praça D'Armas), where you'll find cannons and a bronze statue of Afonso I of Portugal. This statue is a copy of the 19th century original that stands near the Castle of Guimarães. On the square you'll find the remains of the Royal Palace, including the rebuilt Casa Ogival. Here you can see a multimedia performance (Olissipónia) about the history of Lisbon. A great deal of attention is paid to the earthquake of 1755 and the damage it caused to Lisbon and the castle.
At the highest point - in the northwest corner of the complex - lies the actual castle, with battlements and ten watchtowers. When the fortress was attacked, this was the last bastion. Stairs lead to the highest point from where you have a magnificent view over the city and various sights in Lisbon. On one of the towers there is a periscope with which you can take a good look at the whole area.
Inside the fortress you can see the remains of a medieval church and there are some eateries and souvenir shops.
Website: Castelo de São Jorge
Address: there are two entrances, on the Largo do Chão da Feira and on the Largo do Menino de Deus.
Opening hours: 09.00-21.00 (November - February until 18.00)
Consult the Castelo de São Jorge website for up-to-date price information and opening hours.